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What are Cloud-Native Applications? Explained.

Mohammed NaserMohammed Naser

Cloud-native applications are programs designed towards a cloud computing architecture. Read on to know more about the technology.

Cloud-native applications are increasingly being adopted in recent years and are estimated to play a significant role in the future of software development. These applications are capable of solving some inherent problems within cloud computing. Even though migrating to the cloud to improve operational efficiencies is challenging, many companies are taking steps forward. In this context, here is a closer look at cloud-native applications.

What are Cloud-Native Applications?

Cloud-native applications are programs designed towards a cloud computing architecture. Such applications, run and hosted in the cloud, are made to capitalize on the inherent features of cloud-based software models. A native app is software developed on a particular platform or device.

Cloud-native applications utilize microservice architectures, which can efficiently allocate resources to individual services used by the applications. This feature improves the flexibility and adaptiveness of the application towards a cloud architecture.

DevOps professionals use cloud-native applications to promote business agility. These applications are designed, built, and delivered in different forms than traditional cloud-based monolithic applications. They are also highly resilient, manageable, observable, and feature shorter application lifecycles.

Basic Features and Functions

The microservices aspect of the cloud-native application architecture is packaged in containers connected to and communicate via APIs. Orchestration tools manage these components. Here are some of the critical capabilities of these applications:

  • Microservices-based
  • Container-based
  • Dynamically orchestrated
  • API-based

Cloud-native applications use cloud computing frameworks and loosely coupled cloud services. Since all services are not on the same server, app developers have to create inter-machine networks using software-based architectures. The services stay on different servers, and run in other locations. Such an architecture allows applications to scale horizontally.

Simultaneously, since the support infrastructure for cloud-native apps does not run locally, they have to be designed with redundancy, allows the applications to automatically remap IP addresses after withstanding equipment failures.

Benefits and Cloud-Native Tools

Cloud-native applications take advantage of the speed and efficiency of the cloud. Some of the benefits from using them include the following:

  • Cost-effective.
  • Independently scalable.
  • Portability.
  • Reliable.
  • Easy to manage.
  • Visibility.

Cloud-native application development processes use several software tools. Combined, they create development stacks. Here are some platforms found in cloud-native development stacks:

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